CVE-2020-1938 - AJP / Ghostcat Vulnerability

Severity

9.8

When using the Apache JServ Protocol (AJP), care must be taken when trusting incoming connections to Apache Tomcat. Tomcat treats AJP connections as having higher trust than, for example, a similar HTTP connection. If such connections are available to an attacker, they can be exploited in ways that may be surprising. Tomcat shipped with an AJP Connector enabled by default that listened on all configured IP addresses. It was expected (and recommended in the security guide) that this Connector would be disabled if not required. This vulnerability report identified a mechanism that allowed: – returning arbitrary files from anywhere in the web application – processing any file in the web application as a JSP Further,

 if the web application allowed file upload and stored those files within the web application (or the attacker was able to control the content of the web application by some other means) then this, along with the ability to process a file as a JSP, made remote code execution possible. It is important to note that mitigation is only required if an AJP port is accessible to untrusted users. Users wishing to take a defence-in-depth approach and block the vector that permits returning arbitrary files and execution as JSP may should upgrade. A number of changes were made to the default AJP Connector configuration to harden the default configuration. It is likely that users upgrading will need to make small changes to their configurations.

Project

Apache Tomcat & Apache TomEE

Type

RCE, Information Disclosure

RCE = Remote Code Exploit. RCEs pose a serious threat as they allow attackers to inject code into your system and execute it.

Versions affected

Apache Tomcat

Tomcat 6.x
All
Tomcat 7.x
7.0.0 to 7.0.99
Tomcat 8.0.x
All
Tomcat 8.5.x
8.5.0 to 8.5.50
Tomcat 9.x
9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.0.30

Apache TomEE

TomEE 1.7.x
All
TomEE 7.0.x
7.0.0-M1 to 7.0.7
TomEE 7.1.x
7.1.0 to 7.1.2
TomEE 8.0.x
8.0.0-M1 to 8.0.1
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